By Peter Daley, September 2014, ( updated May 2015 )
It is early spring here, and UV levels are already predicted to be at very high risk levels by mid week!
(Screen shot from willyweather.com.au)
Planetary Thermal Imbalance & Extreme UV Levels in Summer!
Radiation contamination of the environment, on the scale of the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe, has much broader effects than just detectable increases of radiation in air and water spreading out from Japan. It affects the dynamics of the entire biosphere!
The Toxicity Multiplying Effect.
In my opinion, it is not just the radioactive contamination from Fukushima directly poisoning the sea and causing the large Pacific Ocean die offs, it is a combination of interrelated factors, because everything is interconnected.
North Pacific Ocean water is now a mixture of toxic industrial chemicals washed out to sea during the tsunami, and a variety of radioactive isotopes, not just Cesium, but also Tritium, Strontium, Americium, and Plutonium, etc. A lot of these isotopes are heavy metal toxins, as well as being radioactive. All this has now been added to the toxins that were already in the Pacific Ocean, before Fukushima.
A single toxin in the environment can be a hazard, and maybe an organism's natural biological defence system can deal with this effectively. If an organism has multiple toxins present, radiological and chemical, to deal with at the same time, you get a biological toxicity multiplying effect. The human or animal defence systems become weaker the more toxins they have to deal with.
Biologically, one toxin plus one toxin, does not equate double the toxicity effect. Studies show you can get a multiplying toxicity damaging effect 10 to 20 times greater. The organism becomes overloaded dealing with too much toxic stress at once.
All this weakens the immune systems of humans, plants and animals. So we could see viruses and bacteria that would normally be under check become more infectious, or viruses and bacteria mutate into more infectious strains.
In the long term more human, plant, and animal life may die from the indirect effects of the radioactive contamination, as a result of the weakened immune systems, or from virus and bacteria mutations.
Planetary Thermal Imbalance
Also, a lot of krypton-85 and other radioactive isotopes are being released into the atmosphere by the ongoing Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe. This enhances air ionization, which interferes with the atmospheric-electrical system, and the water balance of the earth's atmosphere. This is creating a Planetary Thermal Imbalance & Extreme UV Levels. Planetary Thermal Imbalance is indicated by recent record breaking extremes in worldwide hot and cold temperatures. Where very hot and very cold air masses meet, you get severe weather events occurring. An example of this is the severe drought experienced in the Western USA, and the severe cold in the Eastern USA, over the last few years.
Extreme UV levels are now being detected in both the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, spring and summer. I am suggesting that the increase in Northern hemisphere UV has been caused by atmosphere damage, from the large amount of ionizing radiation released into the Northern Hemisphere upper atmosphere, by the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe.
This will potentially lead to significant increases in skin cancer rates and eye cataracts, in the both the human and animal populations, and affect food production. In my opinion, it is important to now monitor both local ionizing and daily UV radiation levels. During UV events, if possible, stay out of the sun, or wear good UV rated wrap-around sunglasses and protective clothing, plus research UV protection methods.
If you run a public available live radiation monitoring station, also consider providing links to local UV monitoring on your page. Do a search, and you will find sites that provide local, or regional daily UV level forecasts. A list of international UV stations is also provided at the bottom of this article.
Technical details, Articles and Research Papers:
NASA Pinpoints Causes of 2011 Arctic Ozone Hole
“You can safely say that 2011 was very atypical: In over 30 years of satellite records, we hadn’t seen any time where it was this cold for this long,” said Susan E. Strahan, an atmospheric scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., and main author of the new paper, which was recently published in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres.”
“You can safely say that 2011 was very atypical”
I observed in 2011, that small solar storm events where producing Northern Light displays, way down into Southern states in the USA. I have been a sun watcher for many years, and know it was very unusual for such small solar events to produce such Northern Light displays, so far south. Our atmosphere is an electrical system, and these unusual Northern lights displays indicated that the electrical dynamics of the upper atmosphere had been changed by the large radioactive releases from the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe.
Climate risks by radioactive krypton-85 from nuclear fission Atmospheric-electrical and air-chemical effects of ionizing radiation in the atmosphere.
“The study shows that krypton-85 from nuclear fission enhances air ionization and, thus, interferes with the atmospheric-electrical system and the water balance of the earth atmosphere.”
Krypton-85 and other ionizing isotope contamination in the upper atmosphere has changed the upper atmosphere dynamics, and is creating extreme seasonal Northern Hemisphere UV and weather events. There are ~1000 nuclear reactors around the world. This includes nuclear power plants, research and military reactors. All these reactors release krypton-85 as part of their normal operations. The Fukushima nuclear disaster released enormous amounts of krypton-85. Krypton-85 releases change the atmospheric electric conductivity, ion current, and the Earth’s magnetic field!
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) which are the main cause of atmospheric Ozone destruction, had been reduced significantly. Because of a worldwide ban on CFC’s, by 2010 the Southern Ozone hole was showing signs of repair. The recent upper atmosphere damage from the large Fukushima krypton-85 releases, can be explained by the 1994 research paper, below.
WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION GLOBAL ATMOSPHERE WATCH
Extract: (The extract is from the bottom of page 56.)
"Importance Krypton-85 (85 Kr) is a radioactive noble gas which decays with a half-life of 10.76 years, emitting mainly β -particles of mean energy 251 keV. The main sources of Krypton-85 are the nuclear fuel reprocessing plants and various nuclear reactors.
The nuclear weapons tests in 1945-1963 contributed about 5% of the total Krypton-85 in the atmosphere, whereas its natural sources can be neglected. Radioactive decay is practically the only mechanism of Krypton-85 removal from the atmosphere.
The present background concentrations of Krypton-85 in the atmosphere are about 1 Bq/m 3 and are doubling every 20 years. At this level, Krypton-85 is not dangerous for human beings, but the air ionization caused by Krypton-85 decay will affect atmospheric electric properties.
If Krypton-85 continues to increase, changes in such atmospheric processes and properties as atmospheric electric conductivity, ion current, the Earth’s magnetic field, formation of cloud condensation nuclei and 57 aerosols, and frequency of lightning may result and thus disturb the Earth’s heat balance and precipitation patterns."
This article provides more evidence to support my view that the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe has damaged the upper atmosphere, caused ozone damage, and created significant weather changes.
These Krypton-85 induced consequences call for Krypton-85 monitoring.
18th September 2015 - Nuclear radiation depletes the ozone layer, will eventually destroy planet’s oxygen
1994 – An article in a German journal Strahlentelex (March 3, 1994) argues that the nuclear industry is responsible for the hole in the ozone. The authors, Giebel and Sternglass explain that radioactive gases like krypton-85 from nuclear plants and from the recycling of spent fuel go up to the stratosphere where they create water droplets from the moisture which in turn form ice crystals which enhance the destruction of the ozone by the fluorohydrocarbons.
(Krypton-85 has a half-life of 10.7 years and a whole life of 217 years.)
Fukushima Diary - Update: 25th May 2015 - Still 960,000Bq Cs-134/137 and 2,336,000,000Bq noble gas discharged from reactors to the air every single hour
Regarding noble gas (such as Kr-85), PCV (Primary Containment Vessel) gas control system detected 2,336,000,000 Bq of gas discharged from Reactor 1-3 every hour this April. Tepco states noble gas passes by as radioactive cloud to cause only external exposure so the exposure dose caused by the discharged noble gas should be significantly small.
UV Research Papers
Climate threat from nuclear bombs research
“In addition, the ozone layer, which protects the surface of the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation, would be depleted by 40% over many inhabited areas and up to 70% at the poles.”
This nuclear war study, indicates ozone damage. Fukushima is releasing and has released large amounts of atmospheric radiation, by some estimates equal to thousands of nuclear bombs. I would say Fukushima is not generating as much soot as their simulation. UV levels here can now frequently reach high to extreme levels in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, during spring and summer. During these events it is suggested, if possible, to stay out of the sun, or wear good UV rated sunglasses and protective clothing. This independent testing shows, UV-B was only 5% of the sunshine reaching us, it is now up to 60%.
These extreme UV levels would also be damaging plants and animals, plus it also can potentially create virus and plant mutations. There is independent testing, indicating that more damaging UVC is also now reaching the Earth’s surface. (The studies linked below don’t take into account UVC atmospheric penetration.) The large number of Northern hemisphere multiple species die offs that are being reported, are possibly occurring because of a combination of ecosystem bio-accumulation of radioactive isotope contamination, chemical toxins, and from increase UV levels.
Outside of the radioactive contamination hot spots in Japan, increased oceanic and terrestrial UV radiation levels proportionally may be causing more ecosystem damage than radioactive isotopes surface fallout. The resultant increased levels of UVB and UVC that are now reaching the Earth’s surface are directly damaging individual organisms, and significantly impacting the oceanic and terrestrial food supply.
Excessive UV effects on ecosystems
“Aquatic wildlife is particularly vulnerable Phytoplankton are at the start of the aquatic food chain, which account for 30 per cent of the world’s intake of animal protein. Phytoplankton productivity is restricted to the upper layer of the water where sufficient light is available. However, even at current levels, solar UV-B radiation limits reproduction and growth. A small increase in UV-B exposure could significantly reduce the size of plankton populations, which affects the environment in two ways. With less organic matter in the upper layers of the water, UV radiation can penetrate deeper into the water and affect more complex plants and animals living there. Solar UV radiation directly damages fish, shrimp, crab, amphibians and other animals during their early development. Pollution of the water by toxic substances may heighten the adverse effects of UV radiation, working its way up the food chain. Furthermore less plankton means less food for the animals that prey on them and a reduction in fish stocks, already depleted by overfishing.”
Excessive UV effects plant growth
Human health and ecological consequences of ozone depletion.
The Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe is ongoing.
A 1992 German risk study of a NPP core meltdown on the upper Rhine river concluded that,
1. Strontium-90 levels would skyrocket, and reach a peak level around 5,000 days later. Strontium-90 levels would then stay high for around another 40,000 days + !
We are already seeing reports of skyrocketing levels of Strontium being detected in the ground water tests, at the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe site.
2. Cesium-137 would reach peak levels after 10,000 days.
Interestingly, Tepco has tried to implement the counter measures suggested in this document, at the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe site. They have not had much success so far.
(Note: The charts in this study are log scale.) http://www.irpa.net/irpa8/cdrom/VOL.1/M1_97.PDF
If this study is correct, these increases will continue long into the future!
All the wars and strife in the world at present, is analogous to people fighting each other on a sinking boat. We urgently need the whole world to cooperate, and focus on dealing with the ongoing Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe.
List of International UV Monitoring Sites.
(Lots more out there if you do a search.)
EPA Sun Wise UV Index
UK and Ireland
Scroll down the page for an interactive map to search by state and location.
Local UV level links for each Australian monitoring station are now provided.
The Pacific Ocean Is Dying!
Disclaimer: This is an amateur volunteer run service. Human error can provide incorrect information, and equipment malfunction can produce false readings. Do not rely on, or take action upon information presented on this web site, without further research. Views expressed in the pages or images on the SCCC Inc. site may be the personal opinions of the relevant writers, and are not necessarily representative of those of SCCC Inc.